The Scientific Method

The scientific method refers to a process through which models are created and verified through an experiment. It involves the formulation of the hypothesis, making observations, development of models to serve as tools of communication. Further, the scientific method will employ and utilize inductive and deductive reasoning in an attempt to produce useful and reliable models of nature and natural phenomena (Kosso, 2011).

Distinction between Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, and Model

A hypothesis is used to define a presupposed untested conclusion of a phenomena or concept subject to further analysis and testing that would either support it or prove otherwise. It is a foundation for research. Using the scenario a hypothesis is saying that the potted plants can be comfortably grown together.

An observation meanwhile refers to a noted occurrence in an experiment or subject matter of interest. Observed characteristics of bulbs may include their short stems and fleshy leaves. An experiment is an actual test that is conducted or run with the intention of making an observation that would then be used to confirm or disapprove a given hypothesis that has been proposed.  Given the assumption, an experiment would be conducted where an attempt to cultivate the bulbs and the potted plant can be made using one container (Carmichael, 2013).

A model refers in this context to a method of representing a scientific idea, object or phenomenon that may not be possible to be observed or experienced directly. It is a scientific tool of communicating and representation of ideas and concepts. A model, therefore, can be employed to demonstrate the relationship between the plants being grown and how they affect each other.